NTT DoCoMo, Inc. announced today that the company has begun constructing an experimental system for fourth-generation (4G) packet wireless communications featuring transmission speeds in excess of 100 mega-bit per second (Mbps) downlinks and 20 Mbps uplinks.
The experimental system, which will incorporate base station and mobile station equipment, will demonstrate key technologies for a 4G wireless communications system that NTT DoCoMo hopes to launch commercially by 2010.
4G communications will feature extremely high-quality video equal to that of high-definition television, or more than double the resolution of conventional analog television. In addition, it will enable wireless downloads at speeds exceeding 100 Mbps, about 260 times faster than DoCoMo's recently introduced 3G wireless network.
Sometime around this summer, DoCoMo will begin practical evaluations of key technologies for its 4G packet wireless communications system, as well as implement the experimental system to demonstrate their benefits.
A 4G wireless system offering high-speed transmission of large-capacity data requires a bandwidth of approximately 100 MHz. When using a channel with such a broad bandwidth, however, transmission quality can be impaired by multipath, the occurrence of a large number of secondary signals reflected off buildings, mountains and other surrounding objects. NTT DoCoMo's experimental 4G system employs variable spreading factor (VSF) and orthogonal frequency code division multiplexing (OFCDM) technologies to mitigate the impact of severe multipath interference and thereby achieve a broad-bandwidth, large-capacity wireless system available on a nationwide basis.